Reproductive cancer

Cancer of the reproductive organs

Reproductive cancer can cause a variety of symptoms in pets. Common types of reproductive cancer, excluding mammary gland cancer, include prostatic adenocarcinoma, Sertoli cell tumors, and vaginal leiomyomas or leiomyosarcomas. Signs may include:

  • Abnormal discharge from the vulva or penis, such as blood, pus, or foul-smelling fluids
  • Changes in urination, such as difficulty urinating, frequent urination, or signs of pain while urinating
  • Males: Swollen or enlarged testicles that feel abnormal to the touch
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite or decreased food intake
  • Abdominal distension or enlargement
  • Lethargy or weakness
  • Difficulty with reproduction: If your pet is breeding or intended for breeding, observe if there are difficulties with fertility or problems during pregnancy.

Other health conditions may share similar symptoms with reproductive cancer, including infections, hormonal imbalances, or non-cancerous growths.

If you notice any of these signs or if you have concerns about your pet's health, it's essential to consult with your veterinarian. Early detection and intervention can improve the chances of successful management and improve your pet's quality of life.

When you visit the veterinarian for concerns related to reproductive cancer, the following may occur:

  • Physical examination: The veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination of your pet, paying close attention to the reproductive organs. They will check for any abnormalities, such as lumps, inflammation, or masses.
  • Diagnostic testing: Blood and urine tests, imaging (such as X-rays or ultrasound), fine-needle aspiration, or biopsy may be recommended to evaluate the presence and extent of the cancer. These tests help identify the location, type, and stage of the cancer.
  • Treatment options: Treatment for reproductive cancer can vary depending on the specific type, location, and stage of the cancer. More aggressive options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches. Palliative care, focused on managing symptoms and improving quality of life, is also an important consideration for pets with cancer affecting the reproductive system.
  • Advanced diagnostic or treatment options: Referral to a veterinary oncologist or veterinary surgeon may be advised for specialized diagnostic or treatment options.
  • Follow-up care: Based on your goals, you and your veterinarian will create a follow-up plan, which may involve regular monitoring, additional tests, or adjustments to the treatment plan. It’s crucial to maintain open communication with your veterinary care team throughout the process about how you and your pet are doing.

The decision regarding treatment options should be made in partnership with your veterinary care team, considering your pet's and family’s individual circumstances and well-being.

Unfortunately, there are limited specific measures to prevent reproductive cancer in pets. However, there are steps you can take to promote overall health and potentially reduce the risk of certain cancers:

  • Spaying or neutering: Early spaying or neutering may help reduce the risk of certain reproductive cancers. Consult with your veterinarian regarding the appropriate timing for the procedure.
  • Maintain a balanced diet: Specific diets may be recommended to help manage health risks, so talk to your vet about your pet's particular health needs to ensure they are getting well-balanced nutrition.
  • Weight management: Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of cancer in pets, so maintaining a healthy weight is important. Provide regular exercise and appropriate environmental enrichment for mental stimulation to keep your pet physically active and mentally engaged.
  • Environmental safety: Minimize exposure to environmental toxins and hazardous substances that may contribute to the development of cancer. Keep your pet away from cigarette smoke, chemical cleaners, pesticides, and other potentially harmful substances.
  • Cancer screening or genetic testing: For pets with a higher predisposition to specific types of cancer, cancer screening or genetic testing may be available. Consult with your veterinarian to determine if testing is appropriate for your pet.
  • Early detection and intervention: Be vigilant in observing any changes in your pet's behavior, appetite, or overall health. In addition to routine veterinary checkups, seek veterinary attention promptly for evaluation and potential early intervention if you notice any concerning signs or symptoms.

Please note that the information provided here is not a substitute for professional veterinary advice. If you suspect your pet has reproductive cancer or any other health concerns, consult your veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Nationwide® pet insurance claim example

Veterinary bill

$1,322

You pay only

$132

Reproductive cancer

You save

$1,190

Example reflects Accident & Illness plan with optional Congenital & Hereditary rider as well as the optional Cruciate rider added after the first year of coverage, with unlimited annual limit for each category with 90% reimbursement after the $250 annual deductible has been met. This plan may not be available in all areas. Pre-existing conditions are not covered. Veterinary bill amount is based on expenses incurred in the first 30 days after initial diagnosis.

Nationwide® pet insurance claim example

Veterinary bill

$1,322

You pay only

$132

Reproductive cancer

You save

$1,190

Example reflects Accident & Illness plan with optional Congenital & Hereditary rider as well as the optional Cruciate rider added after the first year of coverage, with unlimited annual limit for each category with 90% reimbursement after the $250 annual deductible has been met. This plan may not be available in all areas. Pre-existing conditions are not covered. Veterinary bill amount is based on expenses incurred in the first 30 days after initial diagnosis.

Nationwide® pet insurance claim example

Veterinary bill

$1,322

You pay only

$132

Reproductive cancer

You save

$1,190

Example reflects Accident & Illness plan with optional Congenital & Hereditary rider as well as the optional Cruciate rider added after the first year of coverage, with unlimited annual limit for each category with 90% reimbursement after the $250 annual deductible has been met. This plan may not be available in all areas. Pre-existing conditions are not covered. Veterinary bill amount is based on expenses incurred in the first 30 days after initial diagnosis.